Recent critical engagement with Buddhist philosophy recognizes that the term ‘Buddhism’ represents a diversity of philosophical systems. It is increasingly apparent that there is no one Buddhist view on metaphysics, epistemology, and the nature of mind and cognition at a subtle level of analysis. Does the same hold for Buddhist ethics? Is there a single and unified ‘Buddhist’ approach to ethics or should we be pluralists? This paper will argue that while there is not sufficient reason to endorse pluralism about Buddhist ethics, there is sufficient complexity and tension in competing characterisations and their presuppositions to resist an easy resolution into a singular and unified position.