Less than half of peer-reviewed, published experiments in psychology can be replicated with the same or similar effects. The reproducibility of published biomedical research is even lower, and the cost of irreproducibility in biomedicine has been estimated at $28 billion per year, in the US alone. This is all widely considered undesirable—but how reproducible should science be? This talk is a thinly veiled plea for philosophical help with this question.
 Open Science Collaboration (2015). Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science. Science, 349. DOI: 10.1126/science.aac4716
 Freedman, L. P., Cockburn, I. M. & Simcoe, T. S. (2015). The economics of reproducibility in preclinical research. PLoS Biology,13. e1002165.